In order to inform the target groups (investors and architects) in Bosnia and Herzegovina about the advantages of wood construction, a brochure "Advantages of building timber" was produced as a result of research and analysis of the wood sector as well as an analysis conducted by professors from the Faculty of Forestry of the University of Belgrade (Dr. Nebojša Todorović, Dr. Zdravko Popović and Dr. Goran Milic, "Construction of Wood", Belgrade 2018) within the framework of the implementation of the FORESDA project.
In recent years, people are faced with day-to-day troubles, such as floods, droughts, ice rains, strong winds, which are the result of climate changes. Powerful exploitation of fossil fuels and the production of energy-intensive materials (cement, steel, aluminum, plastics) emits greenhouse gases (methane, nitrogen oxide, fluorine guns, water vapor, carbon dioxide ...) into the atmosphere and disturbs Earth balance. In order to avoid disaster, the greenhouse gas emissions should be reduced, and this can be achieved by starting to use natural building materials, such as wood and stone. Wood is the only material that employs carbon dioxide (CO2 reduction) and helps maintain standards and technological development with minimal environmental and human impact. Because of this, the significance of building wooden structures today is much higher than ever before and the use of wood under construction has undergone a great revival in recent years.
In addition, less energy is needed for the construction when building with wood than with other materials such as cement, steel, brick, stone and glass wool. In the final calculation, one cubic meter of built-in wood contributes to CO2 reduction in a two-tone atmosphere while the cubic meter of reinforced concrete of home concentrations of CO2 increases several times! Therefore, the use of wood as a construction and insulation material significantly reduces the emission of greenhouse gas gases. The wooden house of average size, equipped with wooden furniture in the 60-year lifespan, stores from 50 to 70 tons of CO2 (depending on the size). If the share of newly constructed wooden houses in Europe increases by 10% in a year, the CO2 emissions would reduce by 25%, according to the Kyoto agreement.
Building a wooden house not only results in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions but also thermal insulation of buildings. Solid wood walls are excellent heat insulation and provide a pleasant and healthy living environment. Wooden houses require much less energy for heating and cooling because the feeling of cold or heat in the space compensates for about 2 °C, which in addition saves energy.